ENDEMIC BIRDS OF THE PHILIPPINES


Philippines is a country with many interesting endemic birds, more than 170 species found only there.Among them the most characteristic are:

Luzon and most of the Philippines:

  • Blue Naped Parrot, is an uncommon bird,becoming rare on the Philippines except Subic Bay,Palawan and Sulu Islands.It´s found in forest and forest edge in pairs or noisy groups.It´s a green medium-sized parrot with red bill,blue nape and long tail, that you can see easily all around the Forest Reserve, usually hanging on fruiting trees.Fortunately it s common in Subic Bay,usually seen single feeding on fruiting tree.
  • Guayabero is a common endemic bird in forest and forest edge below 1000 m.It s a small green parrot with a short tail, blackish bill,yelowish rump and blue or yelow collar.It´s usually found singly,in pairs or in groups feeding on a tree.It flies very fast and it´s commonly seen in Subic.

  • Green Raquet-tail is an uncommon philippines bird that inhabit lowland forest and edge up to 1000 m.It´s the smallest raquet-tail and it hs a green plumage with short rackets.It usually travel in pairs or small groups and can be seen foraging in the canopy or understorey.It ranges from Luzon to Marinduque.Populations are declining rapidly and almost disappear in Sierra Madre and Quezon national Park.Fortunately it s a common bird in Subic,seen many times along the road.
  • Coleto is a near endemic and common bird found in forest, forest edge, and second growth in almost all the Philippines.It´s black except a  pinkish area on  head,a grey mantle and a whitish grey rump.It perches in open on exposed dead branches.It travels in pairs or small groups and feeds on fruits and insects.In Subic, it´s usually seen  exposed on electric wires.
  • Red-crested Malkoha is another endemic and common bird seen frequently in lowland forest and forest edge.It has  a typical black plumage,red crest and pea green bill.It usually appears singlyor in small groups in the understorey,  skulking in dense foliage and vines.In Subic you can see it on the forest and quite often near the main roads.

  • Tarictic Hornbill ,is one of the endemic hornbills  that inhabits in the Philippines.It has a black plumage on its back and whitish below.It´s fairly common in forest edge up to 1500 m.It perches on exposed branches and and appears in pair or small groups.It´s  a noisy bird that it´s common to spot on early morning and late afternoon.
  • Philippine Falconet is a common bird quite common all around the Philippines except Cebu.It s a small and very cute falcon with its unmisteakable black and white body.It usually perches on dead trunks or trees on exposed branches.It s common in Subic.
  • Spotted Wood-Kingfisher is an endemic  kingfisher founded in lowland forest understory.It´s fairly common and  unmistakable as well.This beautiful bird has a spotted body with a typical black eyestripe,dark green cap,torquoise border around nape and above eyestripe, in the head.It´s noisy at dawn and usually appears singly or in pair.It perches motionless in dark recesses.
  • Philippine Trogon is a beautiful bird and the only trogon that you can find in the Philippines.This endemic bird is common and found in forest and secondary growth up to 2000 m.Its size is about 25 cm and is unmistakableIt has a red belly, whitish chest,dark brown head with an orange bill, and brown back.It perches alone or in pairs on the top branches of dead trees usually in lowlands.It´s more harder to find on the wet season.
  • Philippine Falconet is a common bird quite common all around the Philippines except Cebu.It s a small and very cute falcon with its unmisteakable black and white body.It usually perches on dead trunks or trees on exposed branches.It s common in Subic.

  • Philippine Pigmy woodpecker is a small endemic and common woodpecker that inhabit lowland and montane forest and edge.It´s the smallest Philipine woodpecker and it´s unmistakable because of its size and  streaked underparts.It travels on mixed flocks foraging up branches and trees.They usually appears near the main road of  Subic early in the morning.

  • Rufuous Coucal is another great bird to see.It´s a brownish bird with a  green and yelow tip  bill.It´s uncommon and inhabits the understore of  forests,usually bamboo and thickets.It appears in small groups of up to 12 birds.It´s a noisy bird that is always moving among the sticks but however,it s hard to see because it moves very fast.
  • White-browed Shama is a lowland forest bird usually below 100 m in second growth and primary forest.It has a white breast and belly and blackish back with its typical long white eyebrow.Conspicuous by its loud and melodious song but  hard to see .It appears in forest undergrowth.In some parts of Subic forest can be seen.
  • Red-bellied Pitta is a shy and inconspicuous pitta that inhabits forest and secondary growth usually below 1000 m. It ´s dark blue on the upperparts and has a red belly.It appears on or near the ground and it s very vocal at certain times of the year, singing on exposed rocks or stumps or high up in the trees.

  • Indigo-Banded Kingfisher is another great and beautiful endemic kingfisher.It´s n uncommon bird restricted to clear freshwater streams up to 1500m.It looks like Common Kingfisher but it has a darker head,wings and tail and a bluish breast band.It perches on rocks or on branches.It flies quitely and very fast.It can be seen in MBA gardens in Mount Makiling.

The Visayas Islands:


  • Wattled Broadbill, is the only broadbill that you can find in the Philippines.This endemic bird  inhabits in Bohol, Leyte, Samar and Mindanao.It´s uncommon and local in forest understory below 1000m.It´s unmistakable.It usually appears solitary sitting still on exposed perch or travelling in groups with a mixed flock.

  • Steere´s Pitta is one of the two endemic pitta found in The Philippines.It´s uncommon and local and inhabits in Mindanao, Bohol, Samar and Leyte.Its habitat is lowland limestone and virgin forest below 1000 m.It´s a stunning pitta with a black head,bright metallic blue rump and wing coverts,azure blue breast and blanks and scarlet lower belly and undertail.It moves on or near the ground.It s not shy and usually sings on the middle storey.It´s easier to see on the wet season.
  • Rufuos-Lored Kingfisher is an uncommon endemic bird found in Bohol, Samar,Leyte, Cebu, Negros, Siquijor, Mindanao and the small islands on the nearbies.It inhabits forests and forest streams,usually bellow 1000 m.It´s dark blue and and black above,and white or buff bellow,and rufuous on lores and collar.It´s often heard but hard to see.It usually perches on branches on the top of the trees.
  • Silvery Kingfisher is another endemic and uncommon kingfisher found in small rivers and lowland forest streams below 1000 m.It has a black and white body with red legs and feet and grey bill.It perches on rocks and low branches.It´s often seen on the nearbies of Sikaturna National Park.
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19 thoughts on “ENDEMIC BIRDS OF THE PHILIPPINES

  1. i just want to correct the photo of you bluenaped parrot is wrong it a Guaiabero (Bolbopsittacus lunulatus)….

    thanks

  2. I’m thinking the Red-bellied Pitta is not a Philippine endemic … it’s seen in the Iron Range on Cape York in Far North Queensland!

  3. excellent birds description. i am myself a bird watcher and likes them

    read my blogs ,especially poems ,the latest who is she and other articles.
    leave your comment. Thanx
    brijkauldiary.com

  4. Wonderful pictures, David. Thanks for following my Web Magazine sl4lifestyle. Very happy about. I am currently in New Zealand. You would like it as a birder. Especially tracing the Kiwi … such a cute fellow!
    Regards,
    Sabine

  5. As a novice birdwatcher, I would have loved to be there to seen these examples! I have been to Panama, and wonderful birds, so different from ours in Northeastern America. Thanks for visiting me!

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